Aging institutional and commercial facilities continue to present trouble for occupants, visitors, administrators, and facilities professionals. They produce a host of liabilities to everyone that enters to work, live, learn, or consume services at a given facility.
Asbestos is more than a local or regional problem, of course, and remains a thorn in the side of countless facility managers and leaders the world over.
In the early 1900s, asbestos was commonly used in insulation and fireproofing products.
Asbestos is a known carcinogen connected to lung cancer, mesothelioma, and asbestosis.
In the 1970s, the government enacted regulations to protect people from exposure to airborne asbestos fibers during demolition and renovation projects.Even still, asbestos is everywhere and remains a real problem.
OSHA standards 1910.1001 and 1926.1101 require awareness training for employees who work in areas of buildings with asbestos-containing materials, which is mandatory for those who perform maintenance activities in buildings constructed before 1981.
Asbestos Awareness Training should cover:
- methods of recognizing asbestos;
- the health impacts of asbestos exposure;
- and instruction in recognizing damage, deterioration, and delamination of asbestos-containing building materials.
According to the EPA, regulations under the Clean Air Act mandate practices for asbestos removal be followed during demolitions and renovations of all structures, installations, and buildings.
The Asbestos Hazard Emergency Response Act’s (AHERA) Model Accreditation Plan (MAP) requires that asbestos professionals working with asbestos-containing building materials in a school, public or commercial building be accredited under a training program at least as stringent as the EPA Model Accreditation Plan (MAP).
Also, state and local agencies may have more stringent standards than those required by the federal government.
Asbestos management should remain a priority for all facility managers. If a structure was built before 1980, there is a good chance that it was constructed with asbestos-containing materials.
Maintenance workers are at high risk for asbestos exposure in facilities that contain asbestos. Through repairs or the installation of new materials, asbestos can be disturbed, and workers typically don’t protect themselves to prevent exposure.
Any damage or deterioration of asbestos-containing materials can cause asbestos to become airborne. Exposure occurs when airborne fibers are inhaled.
If asbestos is present, design an asbestos management plan, which requires an initial assessment of all asbestos-containing materials on-site to determine their condition. Such an evaluation is performed by a licensed inspector who is qualified to analyze asbestos.